About Nazism
Ideological theory
Nazi ideology
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Backlash effects
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Nazism & other concepts
The role of the nation
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Adolf Hitler
Location:  Nazism > Effects

Nazism, the Effects

These theories were used to justify a totalitarian political agenda of racial hatred and suppression using all the means of the state, and suppressing dissent.

Like other fascist regimes, the Nazi regime emphasized anti-communism and the leader principle (Führerprinzip), a key element of fascist ideology in which the ruler is deemed to embody the political movement and the nation. Unlike other fascist ideologies, Nazism was virulently racist. Some of the manifestations of Nazi racism were:

  • Anti-Semitism, culminating in the Holocaust
  • Ethnic nationalism, including the notion of Germans' status as the Herrenvolk ("master race") and Übermensch
  • A belief in the need to purify the German race through eugenics - this culminated in the involuntary euthanasia of disabled people and the compulsory sterilization of people with mental deficiencies or illnesses perceived as hereditary

Anti-clericalism was also part of Nazi ideology. Although it was never acted upon as the Nazis often used the church to justify their stance and included many Christian symbols in the Third Reich.